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Abstract


PROBLEMS OF RATIONAL USE OF ARABLE LAND MAKTARAL DISTRICT OF THE SOUTH KAZAKHSTAN REGION

Maktaral district is one of the agrarian districts of the South Kazakhstan region. One of the topical issues of sustainable development of agriculture in the area, where most of the agricultural land is arable land. There are six different natural resources available today. They are: mineral, water, plants, crust, animal and air. Land resources (soil) are important components, and their value depends on the size of the humus. Therefore, its use on the basis of safe methods has always been one of the most important issues. It is necessary to adhere to the principle of the production of ecologization in meeting the needs of the society by increasing the production potential of agriculture. Ecologization of production is the organization of production through environmental technology that does not cause environmental damage, increasing environmental productivity. In our opinion, based on this principle, the following measures should be taken in the field of agriculture for the optimal use of land resources: reclamation, replacement of crop rotation, rational use of water. In the course of agriculture, along with other resources, work should be done to rationalize, restore and improve fertility. That is why we believe that we can only increase food production on a regular basis.



Keywords
arable land, rational use, natural resources



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