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Summary


FOLK TRADITIONS IN KAZAKH CHILDRENS POETRY

This article analyzes in details folklore genres introduced to children’s poetry via specific examples and the ways Kazakh poets used folklore. In addition, it examines the consistency of national folkloric tradition with the children’s poetry. It also looks at how Kazakh poets in developing fairy tales used mythical stories and themes. Thus, the present tradition derived from retelling the forgotten stories and imaginative usage of the past themes by poets. This tradition instills fantasy and imagination into fairy tales. It is manifested by the extraordinary characteristics of men while animals carry humanistic behaviours. Moreover, there are found some miraculous characters as well. In the plot of the fairy tale, there are unexpected, unforeseen, and meaningful events. Those events which are not conducive to normal, ordinary life, told in a colourful and exaggerated way makes the fairy tale attractive and impressive. The article talks about the poem written by E. Tazhibaev “Tolaghay” which is based on the ancient mythical theme. The poet clearly states that he is using oral information gathered from the people. This poem is a clear reflection of a “Legend of heroism.” However, the author does not pay much attention to the genre of used material. According to the people - it is a legend. The term ‘myth’ entered the Kazakh vocabulary through scientific usage. The etiological feature of the myth on Tolaghay is coherent. In the myth the occurrence of the lonely and freestanding mountain is defined. Giants left the mountain half way which they were bringing in the prevention of the water flood. Demons, giants are those who lift mountains. Their purpose is to stop the water flood and find a drowned child. Even if E.Tazhibaev understands the myth, he completely gives a new meaning to the story by telling about the youngster who wanted to save the people from the drought and lifted the mountain. In the myth, the youngster loses his life but save the people from the drought. The poet E. Tazhibaev retold the known myth with his own narrative style. The young person became a hero in his story. The author emphasized that this behaviour is very useful for our young generation. He even inculcated romantic paphos into the mythic foundation. The style of the poem draws attention to some other heroic poems. Furthermore, folklorists and psychologists noted the parallel between the ancient mythical consciousness and worldviews of kids. This corresponds to the work of M.Alimbaev which is called “Two brothers are like two mountains”. Sagynysh, who saw two mountains in the painting imagined his two brothers who had left their homes in order to meet each other but never met. Viewing a mountain as a living thing is a phenomenon attributed to archaic worldview. This article presented Kazakh poets’ interest in fairy tale genre, and the ways mythical stories and themes used in those fairy tales. First of all, this is because fairy tales are appealing to children, and easy to understand. Moreover, it has an enormous value for a moral education, righteousness, and humanity. For that reason, retelling and presenting stories from the past is a mindful action. The author concludes that written folklore mythical stories and themes explained with specific examples could be useful in children’s literature work.



Keywords
children poetry, Kazakh literature, folklope

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