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Abstract


ChangingDefinitions of Journalism and Journalist in the Context of Digitalization: Suggestions for Discussion

The possibilities offered by digital technology cause significant changes and transformations in the media sector. The circulations and revenues of legacy print media are falling rapidly, newspapers are closing, and journalists are losing their jobs. People follow the news online, especially on mobile devices rather than on print media. This upheaval process also reflects in the definitions of journalism and journalist. Today, there is an ongoing debate about which activity can be described as journalism and who can be described as a journalist. In this study, after pointing out the origins of the differences in the definitions of journalism and journalist, the approaches of various professional organizations are examined, and some suggestions thought to contribute to the healthy conduct of the discussions are also included. As a result, taking into account the possibilities of digital technology, which forces change and transformatüion in the field of communication as in the other fields, it is argued that the discussions should be based on whether the journalistic activity is carried out in accordance with its functionality and universal journalistic standards.



Keywords
Journalism, journalist, print media, freedom of speech, democracy



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