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Abstract


Classification of Settlement Names in the Turkish Cypriot Geography

The subject of this study is the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC), and its purpose is the geographical classification of the settlement names of the country. The examination of the settlement names given by the influence of the physical and human geography elements of the country (Nicosia, Famagusta, Girne, Güzelyurt, İskele and Lefke districts) will shed light on its past and the importance of the settlement names that the Turkish people living in Northern Cyprus want to commemorate for their homeland will be determined. The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which was established after the Cyprus Peace Operation (1974), has given Turkish names to the lands of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus by the "Continuous Committee for the Standardization of Geographical Systems" as of 1974, as an indicator of sovereignty. It has continued with the transfer of their identities to the places where they became homeland by the tribes that settled in the TRNC lands, which witnessed many migration events in history. Each civilization reflects its own cultural characteristics in place names. Settlement names are cultural pools of nations. In the study, document analysis technique, one of the qualitative research methods, was used. Factors arising from the interrelationship of nature and human relations have been taken into account. It has been systematically discussed and discussed in order to create a national awareness level. In this context, it is aimed to contribute to Turkish culture by examining the names of settlements. In the administrative structure of the TRNC in 2021, there are 261 settlements as central district, sub-district and neighborhood/village. It is seen that the majority of these settlement names take their source from geographical elements. 122 (46%) settlements are the names of settlements given by being influenced by physical geography and 136 (51%) human geography elements. It has been determined that settlement names related to landforms are more common in physical elements, and settlement names related to person, lineage and clan name among human elements are more common in the field. Each civilization reflects its own cultural characteristics in place names. Settlement names are cultural pools of nations. The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which has been the last manifestation of the Turkish presence on the island for centuries, transferred this ancient culture to the settlement names with the effect of Physical and Human geography. In this direction, the effects of Turkish culture can be seen in the naming of the settlements of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.



Keywords
Geography, Settlement Geography, Settlement Names, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus



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