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Abstract


A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS ON THE TURKISH TRANSLATIONS OF ALBERT CAMUS’S NOVEL ‘LA CHUTE’ IN TERMS OF TRANSLATION CRITICISM

Translation criticism, which is a comparative analysis of the original text and the translated text in a methodical way, has become more important with the increasing need for qualified translators. The aim of the comparative analysis is to research under which factors the text was translated into the target language and to find the deviations from the source text. In this study, the three different Turkish translations of the novel ‘La chute’ written by the worldwide known writer Albert Camus and published in 1956 were examined comparatively in terms of translation criticism. Camus, who is not regarded as a philosopher academically, still presented important philosophical views and analyzed the position of man in the world from the point of meaning and action by following the tradition led by the philosophers such as Soren Kierkegaard, Friedrich Nietzsche and Martin Heidegger. In his novel ‘La Chute’, in which he represented the effort of using the christian symbols, he made fun of easy-going forms of humanist and non-religious moral sentiment in a subtle way. This study, in which we studied the three different translations of ‘La Chute’ written by Camus, consists of three stages. In the first stage, the era in which the writer lived, his personality, his literary identity, his style and the message he wants to give were explained so that the source text can be understood better; in the second stage, the date of the book, its type, content and language, and the choice of words and the reason of writing were explained, and in the third stage, different sentences were chosen randomly from the source text and their equivalents were found in the three different translations, and then the relation between the original sentences and their equivalents in three different translations were examined in terms of translation strategies and Gideon Toury’s target-oriented approach. In the findings obtained in the study, the strategies that the three translators used to translate the text were presented. The aim here is not to evaluate the translations as good or bad, but to present a source for comparative analysis between a source text and its translations in the future.



Keywords
Translation, Translation Criticism, Translation Strategies, Translator



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